If the pitcher is in the act of delivering the ball, just yell balk and stay down and call the pitch. If a lefthanded or righthanded pitcher swings his free foot past the. Understanding baseballs balk call and how to avoid it. Its intended to protect the baserunner, to give the baserunner a fair chance to get a lead and steal a base. The runaway increase in balk calls subsequently reached its height that year, shown as the lone year in the graph in which umpires called more than 250 pitchers for balks. In addition to the official wording below, a link has been placed on the dizzy dean national website left hand column of every web page taking you to the sadler insurance risk management web page. In games played under the official baseball rules that govern professional play in the united states and canada, a balk results in a dead ball or delayed dead ball. With runners on first base and third base, the pitcher legally steps toward third and feints a throw. Case book material in this edition are in shaded boxes and are labeled as comment. The pitchers acts of spitting on the ball, defacing or altering the ball, rubbing the ball on the clothing or body, or applying a foreign substance to the ball are not balks. It entitles all runners to advance one base, and it is a delayed dead ball.
A major problem is umpires calling time when a pitcher balks. In games played under the official baseball rules, a balk results in a dead ball, and each runner shall advance one base without liability to be put out, unless the batter reaches first on a hit, an error, a base on balls, a hit batter, or otherwise, and all other runners advance at least one base, in which case the play proceeds without. Each book contains diagrams of playing areas, official signals, and official interpretations and rulings. Elliot hopkins, mld, caa, editor nfhs publications to maintain the sound traditions of this sport, encourage sportsmanship and minimize the inherent risk of injury, the national federation of state high school associations writes playing rules for varsity competition. Understanding baseballs balk call and how to avoid it with runners on base, after the pitcher goes into his windup or makes any movement associated with delivering the ball to home plate, the pitcher must not interrupt his motion or the umpire can call a balk. Below are resources including information about any rule or regulations changes for the current year not included in the print version of the rulebook, significant changes included in the current years rulebook, and information about how to purchase the most uptodate versions of the little league rulebooks in both print and for mobile. The balk made its way into major league baseball s rule book in 1898, and for more than 100 years, a pitcher could fake a pickoff throw to one base before firing to another e.
A balk is when the pitcher is in contact with the pitchers plate holding the ball and commits an illegal act with runners on base. Dec 31, 2019 baseball attempted to define a balk for the first time in 1857. Baseball attempted to define a balk for the first time in 1857. Instead of sharing just the text, here is a photo of the way it shows up in my mlb rule book. The following are editorial changes to the playing rules. A balk is an illegal act by the pitcher with a runner or runners on base. Apr 03, 2020 a balk in baseball is any action by the pitcher that violates the balk rule, which restricts the actions of the pitcher when there is at least one runner on base. But per a september 2014 memorandum to the rule, the runner may still be called out if he was clearly beaten. At that early stage a balk was called when a pitcher stepped over a line 45 feet from the plate while delivering the pitch. Obr 2016 spanish national federation of state high school associations nfhs, or fed.
A balk in baseball is any action by the pitcher that violates the balk rule, which restricts the actions of the pitcher when there is at least one runner on base. If a catcher leaves the batters box before the pitcher delivers the pitch as when giving an intentional walk, the pitcher shall be charged with a balk with runners on base, or with no runners on, an illegal pitch ball to the batter. The pitcher is not allowed to do a motion to the, uh, batter, that prohibits the batter from doing, you know, just trying to hit the ball. Since then, the balk rule has been codified and it has evolved. Sep 25, 2009 short video talking about the balk rules and balk situations for pitchers. A balk is an illegal act by the pitcher when one or more runners are on base. The pitcher once removed from the mound as a result of 8. According to the rules of baseball, a balk is an illegal act by the pitcher with a runner or runners on base, entitling all runners to advance one base. While engaged with the pitchers plate, the pitcher may. All portions of this particular page and the pages of the official major league rules book are sole property of major league baseball and have been reproduced without any alteration by baseball almanac who first obtained the written permission of the office of the commissioner. To view bulletins please select a sport from the menu below.
The balk made its way into major league baseballs rule book in 1898, and for more than 100 years, a pitcher could fake a pickoff throw to one base before firing to another e. Why do baseball pants have a belt tube rather than belt loops. Amajorleagueclub,inordertorelocatewithinthehome territory of another major league club, must comply with the following conditions. A balk is an illegal act by the pitcher with a runner or runners on base, entitling all runners to advance one base. Most balks can only be seen from a specific angle, meaning that a large percentage of the spectators at a game will not have seen the violation which caused a balk to be called. Keep uptodate with changes in rules with rules bulletins. Norfolk baseball association is a registered 501c nonprofit, volunteer organization whose purpose is to provide an opportunity for norfolk children to play and learn the game of baseball, help to improve skills, confidence, and promote selfrespect. Forty years later, the official definition of a balk in mlbs rule book was more than 3,600 words. In 1898, the balk rule was first introduced to major league baseballs official rule book, and in 1988 the rule was slightly tweaked source.
Umpires, even at the major league level, encounter disputes with managers and players over a balk call because of two different interpretations of the rules. Rule 1 circuits a conditions to relocation to another clubs territory. Although the editorial changes are minor, it is the rules committees intent to inform umpires, coaches. The special records committee of 1968 overturned many earlier rules and applied modern standards. Important notes 1 the playing rules committee, at its december 2014 meeting, voted to. The essence of the rule is that, with a runner on base, the pitcher must come to a complete and visible stop in the middle of his delivery. New som rule book by james furtado and the stratomatic mailing list get your name added by helping with the project. Major league ballplayers will perform for you, according to their major league records and your managerial decisions. If the pitcher balks in throwing to a base, yell balk and wait to see what happens on the play. In baseball, a pitcher can commit a number of illegal motions or actions that constitute a balk. Most of these violations involve a pitcher pretending to pitch when he has no intention of doing so. With his pivot still engaged with the pitching plate, the pitcher turns and feints a throw to first base. Mar 06, 2019 20 nfhs baseball rules interpretations situation 9.
Record books contain singlegame, season and career records, plus coaching records, collegiate records, conference standings, attendance. Lax enforcement of the balk rule in the 1930s through the 1950s contributed to a sharp decline in base. A balk can only occur in baseball, there is no such thing as a balk in softball. The definition of a balk in rule 2 of the official baseball rules. The balk rule, baseballs least understood, has been in the rule book since the nineteenth century and major league umpire ron luciano once said of it, i never called a balk in my life. You have in your possession a baseball game with all the features of major league baseball. If the pitcher balked, each base runner was able to advance one base. We want to bring you the most uptodate, informative and exciting baseball information. If there is a rule set which provides for a balk to be called with no runners on base, please provide a citation. You cant just be up there and just doin a balk like that. The balk rule, is without a doubt the most confusing and most misunderstood rule in baseball. The official rules maintained by major league baseball. Link is to portal where you can purchase print or ebook versions. What is a balk in baseball fundamentals of the game.
The balk rule, baseball s least understood, has been in the rule book since the nineteenth century and major league umpire ron luciano once said of it, i never called a balk in my life. It did alter it, but not in the way boswell imagined. Visit our frequently asked questions section to find solutions for your issues. Important notes 1 the playing rules committee, at its december 2014 meeting, voted to reorganize and recodify the official baseball rules into a more logical. Get free access to baseball forums, rules analysis and exclusive email content from current. This particular coach isnt the first to read it and think the rule book refers to a fielders balk, and he surely wont be the last. It entitles all runners to advance one base, and it is a delayed dead ball except in high school where it is a dead ball and. A a team with a player found to be illegal due to age, grade or class violation, anytime during the usssa event, will be deemed ineligible.784 1080 1260 527 771 1426 1151 378 249 921 1219 874 942 757 811 1389 1374 417 1084 1330 18 540 116 1399 372 1252 73 1387 783